india-bg

Snapshot

The name India is derived from the word ‘’Indus’’, which literally originates from the Old Persian word known as ‘’Hindu’’. India, officially the Republic of India, is a country in South Asia. It is the seventh-largest country by area, the second-most populous country (1.2+ billion people), and the most populous democracy in the world. It is crossed by the Indian Ocean on the south, and bounded by the Arabian Sea in the southwest side and lastly by the Bay of Bengal in the southeast side. The capital is New Delhi; other metropolises include Ahmedabad, Bangalore, Chennai, Hyderabad, Kolkata and Mumbai.

Country Name

Republic of India

Capital

New Delhi

Largest City

Mumbai

Indian Standard Time

GMT + 05:30

Border Countries

West: Pakistan
North: China, Bhutan and Nepal
East: Bangladesh and Myanmar
South: Sri Lanka (narrow channel of sea

Location

South: Indian Ocean
Southwest: The Arabian Sea
Southeast: The Bay of Bengal

Administrative Divisions

States: 29
Union Territories: 7

Area

3.3 Million sq. km

Coastline

7,517 km (4,700 mi)

Population

1.21 billion as on 1 March 2011

Sex ratio

940 females per 1000 males according to 2011 census

Nationality

Indian

Religion

Hinduism: 79.8%
Muslims: 14.2%
followed by Christians: 2.3%
Sikhs: 1.7%
Buddhists: 0.7%
Jains: 0.4%
Others: 0.9%

Languages

There are 22 official languages of India

Hindi and English are the most common used languages

Literacy

74.04%

Climate

Climate
Broadly can be classified as a tropical monsoon one.
There are four seasons:
Winter: Dec-Feb
Summer: Mar-Jun
Monsoon: Jun-Sep
Post monsoon: Oct-Nov

Natural Resources

Coal, iron ore, manganese ore, mica, bauxite, petroleum,
titanium ore, chromite, natural gas, magnesite,
limestone, dolomite, gypsum, fluorite, etc.

Natural Hazards

Monsoon floods, earthquakes, droughts, and landslides

Independence

15th August 1947 (From the British Colonial Rule)

Republic

26th January 1950

Government Type

Sovereign Socialist Secular Democratic Republic with a Parliamentary system of Government

Legislature

Rajya Sabha (Upper house)
Lok Sabha (Lower house)

Flag Description

The National Flag of the country is a horizontal tricolour in equal proportion
of: Top: Deep Saffron
Middle: White
Bottom: Dark green
Centre of flag: Navy blue wheel with 24 spokes, which is a symbol of the Ashoka Chakra “wheel of the law"

Motto And Anthem

Motto: "Satyameva Jayate"
Anthem: "Jana Gana Mana"

President of India

Pranab Mukherjee

Prime Minister

Narendra Modi

Labour force

500+ million

Telephone Country Code

+91

ISO 3166 code

IN

Driving system

Left

Date Format

DD-MM-YYYY