Few of the cross-border relations of India are given below
Total bilateral trade of goods and services is US$ 109 billion in 2015.
The bilateral trade in merchandise goods was US$ 5.6 billion in 1990 and it increased to US$ 66.2 billion in 2015.
India's exports to the U.S. were at 68 per cent out of the total goods trade at US$44.7 billion, balance 32 percent was U.S. exports to India at US$21.5 billion.
The bilateral trade in services was US$42.80 billion in 2015.
India's exports to the U.S. were at 58 per cent out of the total services at US$24.69billion, balance 42 percent was U.S. exports to India at US$18.11 billion in 2015.
The target is to increase the bilateral trade in goods & services to $500 billion.
The frequency of high-level visits and exchanges between India and the U.S. has gone up significantly in the past years.
The 1 per cent (3.5 million plus) population of the US is Indian American community which is an important ethnic group in the country including a large number of skilled professionals, business entrepreneurs and educationalists.
Source: Website of Embassy of India, Washington D.C.
The bilateral trade between India and UAE was US$ 49.74 billion in FY 2015-16.
India’s exports were at US$ 30.29 billion to the UAE, consisting of: petroleum products, precious metals, stones, gems & jewellery, minerals, food Items (cereals, sugar, fruits and vegetables, tea, meat, and seafood), textiles (garments, apparel, synthetic fibre, cotton, yarn) and engineering and machinery products and chemicals.
India’s imports from UAE were at US$ 19.45 billion, consisted primarily of petroleum and petroleum products, precious metals, stones, gems and jewellery, minerals, chemicals, wood and wood products.
The unskilled and semi-skilled workers from India are a dominant workforce in the construction industry. However, Indian professionals also occupy important positions in various multinational companies, banks, and business establishments.
Source: Website of Ministry of Commerce and Industry (Department of Commerce)
The bilateral trade has increased from C$6.4 billion in 2014 to C$8.23 billion in 2015, showing a growth of 29%. India accounts for only 0.7% of Canada's global trade.
Major items of India exports to Canada include gems, jewellery and precious stones, pharmaceutical products, readymade garments, textiles, organic chemicals, light engineering goods, iron & steel articles, etc.
India's import from Canada include pulses, newsprint, wood pulp, asbestos, potash, iron scrap, copper, minerals and industrial chemicals, etc.
The 3 per cent (over 1.2 million) population of the Canada are of India Origin and is one of the largest immigrant group of Canada. Persons of Indian Origin (PIO) are highly educated, affluent and industrious, are well integrated with the mainstream and serve as a strong bridge between the two nations.
Source: Website of Embassy of India, Ottawa, Canada
The EU is India's number one trading partner: 13 per cent of India's overall trade with the world in 2015-16.
India is the EU's 9th largest trading partner in 2016, contributing 2.2% of total EU’s trade with the world
India’s imports from EU were €24.2 billion in 2006 and grown to €37.8 billion in 2016. Key imports were: Engineering goods, gems and jewelry, other manufactured goods, chemicals, etc.
India’s exports to EU increased from €22.6 billion in 2006 to €39.3 billion in 2016. Key exports were: textiles and clothing, chemicals, engineering goods, etc.
Source: Website of European Commission
The total bilateral trade between India and Japan was $14.51 billion in 2015-16.
India’s imports from Japan were $9.85 billion, consisting primary of machinery, iron & steel products, electrical machinery, transport equipment, chemical elements/compound, plastic materials, manufactures of metals, precision instruments, rubber manufactured, coal/coak and briquettes, etc.
India's exports to Japan were $4.66 billion, primarily of petroleum products, chemical elements/compounds, fish and fish preparation, non-metallic mineral ware, Metalliferous ores & scrap, clothing and accessories, iron & steel products, textile yarn/fabrics, machinery, feeding-stuff for animals, etc.
The amount of Japan's cumulative investment in India since April 2000 to March 2016 has been US$ 20.96 billion, which is nearly 7 per cent of India's overall FDI during this period. Mainly invested into: automobile, chemical, electrical equipment, pharmaceutical and telecommunications sectors.
Around 27,000 Indians live in Japan. The Indian community has developed relations with local governments to become valuable members of the Japanese community.
Source: Website of Indian Embassy at Tokyo, Japan
Brazil is one of the most important trading partners of India in the entire LAC (Latin America and Caribbean) region
Total bilateral trade between India and Brazil stood at US$7.91 billion in 2015
Indian exports to Brazil stood at US$4.29 billion, consisting primarily of petroleum products (such as diesel), organic chemicals and pharmaceutical products, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances, textile products (cotton, apparels, and accessories), etc.
Indian imports from Brazil stood at US$3.62 billion, prominent import items were petroleum products (mainly crude oil), soya oil, sugar, copper ore, gold, etc.
There is a small Indian community of around 1,300 people PIOs/NRIs mainly comprising of businessmen, professionals, and some scientists/researchers.
Source: Website of Indian Embassy at Brasilia, Brazil
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